How and why do wrinkles form?
Many facial wrinkles occur when we use our muscles to form facial expressions. The wrinkles formed during these expressions are called dynamic wrinkles. For example, when we smile our eye wrinkles become prominent and when we frown the vertical lines between our eyebrows become noticeable. When we are young our skin springs back to its initial position after facial expression, but as we get older dynamic wrinkles remain on the skin to form static wrinkles; these are the wrinkles and folds that are present at rest. This process occurs because natural substances such as collagen (the major structural protein in the skin), elastin (the protein that causes tissue to stretch) and hyaluronic acid (which gives skin volume) decrease with age. This, together with environmental factors such as exposure to sunlight, smoking and stress all contribute to the creation of wrinkles and folds.
What is Dysport® treatment?
Dysport® is a natural, purified protein that relaxes wrinkle-causing muscles, creating a rejuvenated appearance. The active ingredient in Dysport® treatment is derived from bacteria in much the same way penicillin is derived from mould. It is manufactured in sterile laboratory conditions. Dysport® is a prescription-only medicine and treatment is only available from a qualified medical professional. It is registered for the treatment of crow’s feet (the lines that radiate from the corner of your eye when you smile or squint), forehead lines (the horizontal lines that form when you raise your eyebrows) and glabella frown lines (the vertical lines that appear between your eyebrows when you frown).
How does Dysport® treatment work?
Dysport® can be used to relax specific facial muscles that cause dynamic wrinkles (these are the wrinkles that are formed during facial expression). Once the muscles are relaxed, you cannot contract them and continue to make the undesirable facial expressions. Thus, the lines gradually smooth and new lines are prevented from forming.
What does Dysport® treatment involve?
Dysport® is a non-surgical procedure whereby a small amount of Dysport® is administered into selected facial muscles by a trained medical professional using a very fine needle. Generally, Dysport®
treatment takes around 15 minutes depending on how many areas you would like treated. Discomfort is typically minimal and brief, and no anaesthetic is usually required. The injection may sting for a few seconds but normal activities can be resumed soon after. After the injection, it takes 2 -3 days for the Dysport® treatment to begin taking effect and about 7 days to see the full effect. The dose recommended for the treatment will vary depending on your individual situation and the severity of your lines. The Registered Nurse will know what the best dose is for you and which muscles to inject to give you the best results.
How long does Dysport® treatment last?
The effect can last up to 3-4 months before lines slowly begin to return. If you have repeat Dysport® treatments, the effect tends to last longer. Time between treatments will vary from one individual to another, and some clients using Dysport® regularly overtime can enjoy up to 6 months between treatments.
Does Dysport® treatment cause more wrinkles to form?
Dysport® works by blocking receptors on to relax select facial muscles to smooth etched or unwanted lines . It does not cause more wrinkles to form. If you choose not to have further Dysport® treatments your muscles will eventually return to normal activity and your wrinkles will gradually revert to their pre-treatment levels.
Will facial expression be affected by Dysport® treatment?
Dysport® works specifically on the muscles treated. This means that any muscle left untreated, including untreated facial muscles, should not be affected by the Dysport® treatment. Your trained medical professional will determine the best dose for you and which muscles to inject to give you the best results.
Are there any side effects?
In addition to its use for cosmetic reasons, Dysport® treatment is also used to treat patients in a variety of other therapeutic indications including cerebral palsy in children, movement disorders (head, neck, shoulder, face), and axillary hyperhidrosis (to treat excessive underarm sweating). In the amounts used for the treatment of upper facial lines, the side effects are usually temporary and localised to the area of injection. Possible side effects include headaches, pain, burning/stinging, bruising, swelling or redness at the injection site, rarely local muscle weakness including eyelid/eyebrow droop, swollen eyelids, skin tightness, tingling sensations, itchiness, nausea and flu like symptoms.
Dysport® is a prescription medicine containing Clostridium Botulinum Type A toxin complex for injection. It is used for the treatment of frown lines and excessive sweating. It should be administered only by trained medical professionals. Cautions: people with defective neuro-muscular transmission disorders, infection at site of injection, pregnancy and lactation. Possible side effects include headaches, pain, burning or redness at injection site, local muscle weakness including drooping eye lids, lack of feeling or nausea or compensatory sweating in other skin areas. Talk to your specialist about the benefits/risks of this procedure. A charge applies. Dysport® treatment lasts about four months and after this time further courses of treatment may be necessary.